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A stock is an investment. When you purchase a company’s stock, you’re purchasing a small piece of that company, called a share. Investors purchase stocks in companies they think will go up in value. If that happens, the company’s stock increases in value as well. The stock can then be sold for a profit.
The foreign exchange market is where currencies are traded. Currencies are important to most people around the world, because currencies need to be exchanged in order to conduct foreign trade and business. This global, dynamic, asset class is open around the clock, and over $5 trillion a day changes hands.
A stock index is a measurement of the price performance of a group of shares from a particular exchange. The NASDAQ, for example, represents the largest stocks trading on the New York Stock Exchange. If those stocks increase in price, the NASDAQ goes up. If those stocks decrease in price, the NASDAQ goes down.
Commodity trading covers the buying and selling of a large range of instruments including oil and gas, metals such as gold and silver and soft commodities like cocoa, coffee, wheat and sugar. A commodity market is a market that trades in the primary economic sector rather than manufactured products, such as cocoa, fruit and sugar. Hard commodities are mined, such as gold and oil.
A cryptocurrency is a digital coin, designed to be transferred between people in virtual transactions. Cryptocurrencies exist only as data and not as physical objects; you cannot actually hold a Bitcoin in your hand or keep Ethereum in your safe. Owning a Bitcoin means you have the collective agreement of each and every computer on the Bitcoin network that it is currently owned by you and – more importantly – that it was legitimately created by a miner.